Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

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Guidelines for Value Education

1. Universal

It is universally applicable to all human beings and be true at all times and all places. It does not depend on sect, creed, nationality and gender etc. it deals with universal human values.

2. Rational

It is a set of proposals about reality, not a set of negations

It is amenable to reasoning

It is not based on dogmas or blind beliefs

It is not a set of sermons

It is not a set of do's and don'ts

E.g. It can be taught (it can be communicated clearly, it can be understood, student can be observed to verify that it has been understood)

3. Natural

It is acceptable naturally, it leads to commitment to live in that manner without being forced in any way (conditioned or forced by another person/s)

4. Verifiable

We want to verify these values ourselves, i.e. we don't want to assume something just because something is stated somewhere.

This can be done by both checking for validity within ourselves, as well as something which we can implement in our living (in behaviour with human beings and work with rest of nature) and observe its outcome.

5. All Encompassing

Value education is not merely an academic exercise. It is aimed at transforming our consciousness and living. Hence, it has to permeate into all dimensions of our living, namely, thought, behavior, work and understanding/realization; as well as all levels namely individual, family, society and nature

6. Leading to Harmony fulfillment of purpose

Finally, value education has to enable us to be in harmony within and in harmony with others. That is it leads to human conduct.

E.g. It leads to fulfillment of the human purpose

Resolution (in the self) in every individual

Prosperity in every family

Fearlessness (trust) in society

Co-existence in Nature/Existence


Prof Vinay Kumar Pathak